Mongolia is a landlocked country located in Central Asia, known for its rugged landscapes, nomadic culture, and rich history. The country offers a unique travel experience for adventurers, nature lovers, and cultural enthusiasts alike.
In this travel guide, we will explore the highlights of Mongolia and provide tips for planning your trip.
When to Go
The best time to visit Mongolia is from June to August when the weather is mild, and the countryside is at its most beautiful. The summer months offer clear skies, lush green fields, and a chance to experience Mongolia’s famous Naadam festival, a celebration of traditional sports and games.
The easiest way to reach Mongolia is by air, with the capital city Ulaanbaatar served by Chinggis Khaan International Airport. Alternatively, you can travel by train from Russia or China or take a scenic overland journey from Russia or Kazakhstan.
Some interesting facts about Mongolia:
1. Freshly squeezed reindeer milk, heated to drink, not processed, has a strange smell.
2. Facebook access is not charged for data in this country (Completely free).
3. Mongolia is very large, but the population is just over 3 million people, almost half of these live in the capital Ulan Bato, 30% of the population is still living nomadic in modern times, sleeping in Ger tent camps .
5. The lowest population density in the world, only ~2 people/km2.
6. Mongolia circulates both right-hand drive and right-hand drive cars (right-hand traffic laws, left-hand drive cars).
7. The writing looks like Russian, but the pronunciation and intonation sound like Korean.
8. In Mongolian history and steppe tradition, a father would take the name of the general he defeated to name his son.
9. The largest copper ore mine in Asia is located in this country, in the second largest city of Mongolia called Erdenet.
What to See and Do
Mongolia offers a wide range of activities and attractions for visitors. Here are some highlights:
1. Explore the Gobi Desert
The Gobi Desert covers a large part of Mongolia and is home to some of the country’s most spectacular scenery. Visit the Flaming Cliffs, a stunning red sandstone formation, and explore the ancient ruins of Kharkhorin, the former capital of the Mongol Empire.
2. Visit the Terelj National Park
Just a short drive from Ulaanbaatar, Terelj National Park offers a chance to experience Mongolia’s rugged natural beauty up close. Explore the rock formations of Turtle Rock and the stunning views from the Ariyabal Meditation Temple.
3. Experience the Nomadic Culture
Mongolia is known for its nomadic culture, and a visit to a traditional ger camp offers a chance to experience this way of life firsthand. You can learn how to milk a cow, make traditional dairy products, and ride a horse like a true nomad.
4. Attend the Naadam Festival
Held annually in July, the Naadam Festival is Mongolia’s largest celebration and offers a chance to witness traditional sports like archery, horse racing, and wrestling. The festival is a great opportunity to immerse yourself in Mongolia’s rich culture and history.
5. Trekking and Horse Riding
Mongolia offers some of the best trekking and horse riding opportunities in the world. You can explore the vast wilderness and rolling hills while camping out under the stars.
Mongolia offers a wide range of accommodation options, from luxury hotels in Ulaanbaatar to traditional ger camps in the countryside. Staying in a ger camp offers a chance to experience traditional Mongolian hospitality and cuisine, with meals cooked on a traditional stove.
Mongolia has a relatively underdeveloped transport system, but there are several options for getting around. You can hire a private driver and vehicle, take a shared minivan or bus, or travel by horse or camel.
People choose this place to mark their beautiful happy memories in life with green meadows, majestic mountain snow, desert sand dunes. And indeed only when we come here, we can see the immensity of heaven and earth. A sense of peace comes from the unspoiled land and it is no exaggeration to say that Mongolia is a place worth visiting for every visitor. Because of its unique and poetic beauty, Mongolia has become a destination for those who love to explore.