The primary time Audrey Sutherland explored the rugged northeast coast of Moloka’i, she swam the 20-mile stretch. Forty-one years previous, divorced, a mom of 4, she swam alone with snorkel and fins, wearing blue denims and towing behind her an Military duffel containing a couple of necessities wrapped in a bathe curtain and stuffed inside a climate balloon: tenting gear and digicam; meals she’d canned and dehydrated at house on neighboring Oahu; crimson wine in movie canisters.
On this manner she traveled three to 5 miles a day, swimming in by the surf to camp, forage, and discover part of the island that was terra incognita in the summertime of 1962. She’d first seen Moloka’i from the air years earlier and have become obsessive about the island’s northeast coast, the place the world’s highest sea cliffs rise abruptly from the Pacific Ocean, punctuated by spectacular waterfalls, steep valleys, and a handful of slender seashores. Particulars have been scarce. Her map, printed in 1928, was woefully missing intimately, although on one level she was clear. “In Moloka’i, as a result of the present and the wind blow west, you’ll be able to’t return. It’s the coast of no return,” she stated.
Sutherland, nevertheless, was hooked. She swam the Moloka’i coast once more in 1964. As common, she instructed the older youngsters to take care of the youthful ones and that she’d be again in per week. “We’d joke and say, will we name the Coast Guard for those who don’t come again in seven days on the dot?” stated the oldest, Noelle Sutherland, who was 20 that summer time. Her mom was under no circumstances a punctual individual, however she completed the Moloka’i swim on time, already filled with plans to return.
“She stated, ‘I’ve acquired to have extra gear in order that I can pack saws and things to repair up the shack I discovered in a valley midway down my journey,’” Noelle stated. And so Sutherland discovered a six-foot inflatable kayak in a magazine and ordered it, sight unseen. Bulbous and gradual, it was an unorthodox craft for the wild coasts she burned to discover, however it match her model completely. She might roll it up and pack it onto a aircraft, and he or she returned with it many occasions to Molokai’i. She took it to Na Pali and Kona, and to Samoa, Greece, Norway, and Maine. When she visited Scotland, she introduced the little yellow kayak to Loch Ness to research the lake’s legendary monster herself.
She was born Audrey Schufeldt in Canoga Park, California, in 1921, the youngest of six women. Her father died when she was 5 and her mom raised the household by the Nice Despair on a schoolteacher’s wage. When lessons let loose every summer time, the household decamped to a lopsided cabin within the San Bernardino Mountains east of Los Angeles. In a household photograph from these days, a six-year-old Sutherland and one in all her sisters perch on the cabin, shingling its roof.
“I stalked deer at nightfall and fireflies at evening, ran moist and exultant in cloudbursts and thunderstorms, and climbed to the tops of younger pine timber to swing them in whipping circles,” she wrote within the first of her books, Paddling My Personal Canoe.
At fourteen, she determined to climb San Gorgonio Mountain, fourteen miles away. “I’d go off on my own after I acquired mad on the household,” she recalled in an interview with Dale Hope of Patagonia Books. “I acquired midway after which camped within the meadow and there have been eyes on the market all evening and I thought of mountain lions and wolves.” At dawn, the realized the predators she’d imagined have been in truth a neighbor’s cows. Sutherland laughed at herself and continued. The journey to the summit and again took 4 days. “In these days we didn’t have backpacks, so we put a blanket down on the ground and put our stuff throughout the blanket and rolled it up after which carried it over our shoulders,” she stated.
When she was simply 16, Sutherland began at UCLA, the place she turned a formidable swimmer and earned a level in worldwide relations. She predicted the approaching warfare with Japan in her diary, and after Pearl Harbor she and her sisters took jobs as riveters in an plane manufacturing unit. In 1942 she married a younger Coast Guardsman named John Sutherland, who got here up by the ranks as a mustang—an enlisted sailor who turned an officer. After the warfare they labored a industrial fishing vessel collectively in California, then moved to Hawaii in 1952 when John was referred to as again to energetic responsibility throughout the Korean Battle, serving on a buoy tender that roamed all through the Pacific.
Audrey Sutherland realized that together with her husband away so typically there was no purpose to remain on the town, so she drove from Honolulu out to the North Shore and commenced knocking on doorways, asking if anybody knew of a spot for lease. The search yielded a beachfront shack in Haleiwa for $80 a month, the place she raised two daughters and two sons in the identical freewheeling model she had often known as a lady.
The property overlooks a quick left-breaking wave referred to as Jocko’s, named in honor of Sutherland’s oldest son Jock, a legendary North Shore surfer. The entire household grew up within the ocean; Noelle remembers the day a wave picked up her youngest brother James as he crawled on the seashore. “He actually swam earlier than he might stroll,” she stated.
“She taught us that we might discover and forage and have enjoyable all on the identical expedition—as she would at all times name them—by cramming us all into the previous station wagon and going as much as the mountains on unlawful roads, or typically we’d get keys for locked gates and we’d go up into the mountains the place there have been streams and trails. My mother was typically late to things, so our picnic lunches would invariably find yourself being picnic suppers, normally within the rain, normally after darkish.
Sutherland was a fierce proponent of self-sufficiency, and a lover of lists. One, nonetheless taped to her daughter’s fridge, enumerates 31 expertise an individual ought to grasp by the age of 16. It’s a broad stock, starting from “Change a diaper, and a tire” to “Know and take duty for sexual conception and safety when wanted.” The primary merchandise is “Swim 400 yards simply” and the final is “Do your laundry.” Within the center, there’s this: “Be blissful and comfy alone for ten days, ten miles from the closest different individual.”
Sutherland saved lists for herself, too. After coming to Hawaii she’d earned her grasp’s diploma and went to work for the Military, counseling younger individuals about profession decisions. The work took her to Alaska, the place in 1980 one other aerial view of islands grabbed maintain of her creativeness and wouldn’t let go. “For years I had looked for a mixture of mountains, wilderness and sea, and right here it was. Clear, quiet water, snowcapped ridges and peaks, small bays—all within the Inside Passage, sheltered from the storms of the open North Pacific,” she wrote in her third guide, Paddling North.
She checked out charts of the usual route by the Inside Passage, 800 miles from Seattle to Skagway. It had a pleasant alliterative twang, however she discovered no poetry within the route itself, a straight line connecting cities and well-marked passages. As a substitute she charted a meandering course, additionally 800 miles however skipping every part south of Alaska, a “roundabout route of scorching springs, previous cabins, small islands, and resupply cities,” as she put it. In her little kayak she would pack wine, good olive oil, and Hawaiian salt, with plans to forage and feast on mussels, berries, and salmon.
The journey would take two months, however when she requested for unpaid depart from her job, the request was denied. That night she went house and checked out her record of the 25 things she most needed to do, so as of significance. Merchandise One: Paddle Alaska. She stop her job the following day.
“Generally it’s a must to go forward and do a very powerful things, the stuff you imagine in, and never wait till years later, once you say, ‘I want I had gone, achieved, kissed,’” she wrote. “What we most remorse are usually not the errors we made, however the things we didn’t do.”
Sutherland went to Alaska that summer time and for 23 summers after that. All instructed, she meandered greater than eight,075 miles round Southeast Alaska, from her first journey in 1980 to her final in 2003, when she was 82.
She died in February 2015, a couple of days after her 94th birthday. She’d donated her physique for analysis (“I’ll nonetheless be capable of train even after I die,” she stated) and when her ashes got here again, family members gathered within the deep water exterior the reef, “Out past the deep blue water the place she used to swim. ‘Out the place the massive fishes are,’ she used to say,” recalled Noelle, whose husband James Conti had additionally died lately.
“I had my husband’s ashes, and Jock paddled Audrey’s ashes out with a number of different browsing buddies. The solar shone down into the water, and because the ashes swirled and sank my son and Jock’s son slipped into the water and twirled and swam within the glowing ashes,” she stated. “Then Jock and different surfer buddies surfed the ocean with the sundown behind them, and the waves standing up so that they held the sunshine as if they have been turquoise.”