Volunteering in an elephant sanctuary was at the top of my bucket list for months, and during my backpacking trip to Thailand, I got to achieve my dream. Looking back now, it was definitely one of my most favourite travel memories.
A bit of background on the elephant industry…
The “elephant riding” industry has been part of a lot of discussions over the last few years due to the increasing awareness of what really goes on behind the scenes. For many travellers, elephant riding and getting that perfect snap was at the top of their bucket list. However, this is a huge ethical issue due to the conditions and mistreatment of these elephants.
In Asia, a mahout (or in Thailand a kwan chang) is a (usually male) elephant owner, trainer and keeper. If the family buys an elephant, it costs approximately £48,000 initially, and then £480+ a month to care for the elephant. More often than not, elephants families go through the family business and a young boy will be assigned to a young elephant. As they both get older, they create a bond with the elephant, by caring for, tending to and training it for its whole life.
With the rise of tourism, traditional mahouts began to change. Now, often they just work in badly paid shift patterns for an elephant riding centre, rather than having a special bond with their elephant. With little income, they are often encouraged to work many, many hours with their elephant, in bad conditions. Many mahouts have been taught to use harsh training methods, with hooks and chains.
The boom in tourism has caused problems for both the elephants and the mahouts.
During my month backpacking through Thailand, I wanted to find a way that I could interact with these elephants in a more natural and positive way.
Instead of riding and exploiting elephants, many people are now joining elephant sanctuaries or elephant rehabilitation centres to help nurture and provide support to both the elephant community and the local community, both of which require help and support to thrive. These elephant sanctuaries are also able to work with the mahouts, showing them alternatives to the harsh ways of living with their elephants that they have become accustomed to.
I found a programme that entails a week of living with elephants that have been rescued from the tourism industry. I felt this was the perfect thing to do to give back to these gorgeous animals and their community, and still get that ultimate elephant experience.
What can you do to make a difference?
Firstly, educate your friends and family on the truth about elephant riding and help them make better choices.
Secondly, volunteer at an elephant sanctuary and witness these beautiful creatures in their natural habitat enjoying their peaceful life.
How do you volunteer at an elephant sanctuary?
You can choose to go to a sanctuary independently, or you can go as part of a programme. I did the latter.
The company I chose was Xtreme Gap Year, and I went on the ‘Xtreme Thailand Experience X‘ month long experience which included this elephant experience. If you’d rather just go straight to Surin, you can complete the ‘Thailand ethical elephant project‘ separately. The trip includes accommodation, all the activities and three meals per day.
If you’d rather go to a different sanctuary, or not through a tour operator…
How do you choose an ethical elephant sanctuary?
There are so many different elephant sanctuaries in Thailand and it can be overwhelming to try and choose one that claims to be ethical, when in reality they are not. Here are some tips how to select an ethical place to visit:
- Do the sanctuaries allow unethical rides, or use bull hooks and chains? This is a clear sign they are not ethical.
- Always read reviews online on websites like TripAdvisor, blogs, and comments on Facebook pages
Ethical elephant sanctuaries in Thailand (based on research in July 2019):
- Mr Lee’s homestay (where I was)
- Elephant Nature Park
- Boon Lott’s Elephant Sanctuary
- Phuket Elephant Sanctuary
- The Surin Project
- Kindred Spirit
- Wildlife Friend Foundation
- Elephant Hills
- Burm and Emily’s Elephant Sanctuary (BEES)
- Elephant Haven
- Friends of the Asian Elephant (FAE) Hospital
- Krabi Elephant Sanctuary
Discover a week volunteering itinerary in the elephant sanctuary in Surin, Thailand
Where is Surin?
Ban Tahit (where my elephant sanctuary was) is a village about 45 minutes from Surin, one of the northeastern provinces of Thailand. It lies close to the Cambodian border and is about a 6-hour drive from Bangkok.. Nicknamed the “elephant land”, Surin is home to thousands of elephants. I was so shocked (in a good way) when were driving through the province. In nearly every back yard, there was an elephant. The majority of the locals in Surin owned and cared for an elephant as a pet, and it was so surreal to see.
Day 1: Arriving at the elephant sanctuary and harvesting crops
After a chilled journey from Bangkok to Surin, the open aired truck brought us through the old and shattered roads of Surin cemented with footprints of all these beautiful creatures, children playing in the rice fields and every passer-by giving their biggest wave and smile. I already felt welcomed. You can really tell that the local villagers appreciate the help for both their elephants and village.
We arrived at our homestay and were welcomed with big hugs from the owners and their work crew.
Meet Mr. Lee: our homestay owner, host and mahout to one of the elephants!
Mr. Lee showed us our rooms and, I was right not to expect a 5 star room… or a 4 star room. It was specified as a homestay, and a homestay is what we got. The rooms consist of 3-4 people per room, with a mattress, fan and mosquito net per person.
Pretty simple, and it’s definitely a week that you leave your love for comfort at home!
I did a little exploring and looked out my bedroom window see Mr. Lee’s elephant, Bw-ong-in. It was my first time experiencing an elephant up close and personal, and I will never forget it.
I was completely ready to immerse myself in the most hands-on experience I’d ever encountered.
After seeing our rooms, we met the other staff that would be looking after us during our stay, and Mr. Lee discussed the weekly agenda and what to expect.
First on the list was gathering sugarcane and banana crops from a nearby town to feed the elephants. I#ve always been one for getting my hands dirty and diving into whatever work needs to be done, so I was excited to help out!
We spent the hour cutting, chopping and lifting the sugarcane and banana leaves into the back of the truck, pulling together as a team and getting through the task pretty quickly. We loaded the truck, jumped on top of the crops and headed back to the village where we then fed the elephants the freshly harvested crops. You could tell they were SUPER happy to see us with all the yummy goods.
As the sun set, we were invited to enter the kitchen to give a helping hand and learn some new Thai cooking skills. The evening was then ours to kick back and relax in the hammocks, grab a beer from the local shop or spend the evening getting to know our new friends!